Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms………..The Letters P and Q

PARTICLE: A very tiny, separate subdivision matter. PARTICLE FILTRATION: Filtration of particles in the size range of 2 microns or larger in diameter. Particle filtration is typically handled by cartridge filters and media filters. PARTICLE […]

Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms……..The Letter O

OHM:  Unit of Resistivity.  See “Resistivity”. OPERATING PRESSURE: The manufacture’s specific range of pressure expressed in pounds per square inch (psi) within which a water processing device or water system is designed to function. A […]

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Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms………The Letter N

NANOFILTRATION: A membrane treatment process which falls between reverse osmosisand ultra filtration on the filtration/separation spectrum. NATURAL SPARKLING WATER: Carbonated water whose carbon dioxide content is from the same source as the water itself. NATURAL […]

Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms……..The Letter M

MAGNESIUM (Mg): one of the elements that make up the earth’s crust as part of many rock-forming minerals such as dolomite. Magnesium and calcium dissolved in water constitutes hardness. The presence of magnesium in water […]

Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms…..The Letters J K and L

JACKSON TURBIDITY UNIT (JTU): A formerly used measurement of the turbidity in a water sample. This has been replaced by the nephelometric turbidity unit (NTU). KINETICS: the study of the relationships between temperature and the […]

Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms…….The Letter I

INCLINED PLATE CLARIFIER (IPC): a solids / liquid separation device (clarifier) that is filled with parallel (sometimes called Lamella) plates that are inclined at an angle between 45 and 55 degrees. The plates reduce (compared […]

Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms…….The Letter H

H20: The chemical formula for water (dihydrogen oxide). HALF-LIFE: The time required for half of the substance present at the beginning to dissipate or disintegrate. HALOGENS: A family group pf elements including bromine, chlorine, fluorine, […]

Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms…………The Leter G

GALLINEA FERRUGINEA: One of several types of bacteria that use iron in their metabolism and are capable of depositing gelatinous ferric hydroxide. Also known as iron bacteria. GERMAN DEGREE:  Sometimes used as a unit of […]

Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms……….The Letter F

FACULTATIVE ORGANISMS: Microbes capable of adapting to either aerobic or anaerobic environments. FACULTATIVE PONDS: A wastewater treatment pond that includes surface aeration and algal photosynthesis for oxygen replenishment. FAHRENHEIT: A temperature scale in which water […]

Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms……..The Letter E

E. COLI: See Escherichia coli ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING: The design, management or reconstruction of sustainable ecosystems that serve human needs such as providing clean water and food while requiring low energy inputs. Ecological engineering has enhanced […]