Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms……The Letters XY and Z

X-RAYS: Electromagnetic radiation with a very short wavelength (0.01 to 12 nanometres), shorter than ultraviolet radiation. YIELD: the amount of product water produced by a water treatment process. ZEOLITES: Hydrated sodium alumina silicates, either naturally […]

Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms………The Letter W

WASTEWATER: The liquid-borne waste products of domestic, industrial, agricultural and manufacturing activities. In a community, an Average of 50 to 100 gallons of wastewater is generated per person per day.   WATER (H2O): The liquid […]

Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms………The Letter V

VACUUM DISTILLATION: Distillation that occurs at a pressure somewhat below atmospheric pressure. Lowering the pressure also lowers the boiling point of water, thus conserving energy by requiring less heat to bring about distillation. VALIDATION: Determination […]

Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms…………….The Letter U

ULTRAFILTRATION (UF): is a type of membrane filtration that separates suspended solids and solutes of high molecular from a liquid and low molecular weight solutes. This separation process is used in industry processes, water treatment […]

Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms………….The Letter T

TASTE THRESHOLD: The minimum concentration of a chemical or biological substance which can just be tasted. TCE: trichloroethene TDS: total dissolved solids. TEFLON: The trade name of a high temperature industrial plastic material used in […]

Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms……….The Letter S

SAFE WATER: see potable water. SALINE: Consisting of, or containing salt. SALT WATER: The general term for all water over 1,000 ppm (mg/L) total dissolved solids. SAND FILTER: The oldest and most basic filtration process, […]

Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms………..The Letter R

RADIAL FLOW: The flow pattern in which water flows from the outside of a filter element to the center core. RADICAL: A group of atoms acting as a single atom which go through chemical reactions […]

Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms………..The Letters P and Q

PARTICLE: A very tiny, separate subdivision matter. PARTICLE FILTRATION: Filtration of particles in the size range of 2 microns or larger in diameter. Particle filtration is typically handled by cartridge filters and media filters. PARTICLE […]