Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms……….The Letter F

FACULTATIVE ORGANISMS: Microbes capable of adapting to either aerobic or anaerobic environments. FACULTATIVE PONDS: A wastewater treatment pond that includes surface aeration and algal photosynthesis for oxygen replenishment. FAHRENHEIT: A temperature scale in which water […]

Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms……..The Letter E

E. COLI: See Escherichia coli ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING: The design, management or reconstruction of sustainable ecosystems that serve human needs such as providing clean water and food while requiring low energy inputs. Ecological engineering has enhanced […]

Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms……….The Letter D

DEIONIZATION (DI):  Use of ion exchange resins to demineralize water.  See Ion Exchange. DEMULSIFIER (EMULSION BREAKER): chemical additive that destroys the emulsifying characteristics water. Typically used separate stabilized (emulsified) oil in water. DENITRIFICATION: wastewater treatment […]

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Water Treatment Terms………The Letter C

CA: cellulose acetate. CALCIUM (Ca): One of the principal elements making up the earth’s crust. Calcium compounds, when dissolved, make hard water. The presence of calcium in water is a factor contributing to the formation […]

Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms……..The Letter B

BACK WASH: part of water filter, ion exchange or softener cycle that lifts up media bed to release and wash away dirt and other foulants. BACTERIA: Single-celled organisms (single form = bacterium) which lack well-defined […]

Science and Technology

Water Treatment Terms ………….The Letter A

ABSORPTION: The process of one substance actually penetrating into the structure of another substance. This is different from adsorption in which one substance adheres to the surface of another. ACCULATION TANK: A vessel or tank, […]